WORD-FORMATION How to create new words… | Słowotwórstwo – jak tworzyć nowe słowa…

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If you need to broaden your vocabulary, it is necessary to practice tasks concerning word-formation. It consists in creating a new word from one existing by adding something to it. But first, you should know what a base or root, prefix and suffix are.A base or root of a word is a basic form of a word. A prefeix is a word placed at the beginning of a base word. And a suffix is a word added at the end of  a base. 

 

Creating words it is possible to create for example a noun from a verb or an adjective from a verb or noun. There are number of options, however, in some cases the possibilities are limited. It is much easier if you know English names for some parts of a sentence. There are, among other things:

 

 

 

To help you understand the phenomenon of word-formation in English, look at a list with some typical prefixes and suffixes for nouns, verbs and adjectives. Remember, you should look a word up in a dictionary.

 

TYPICAL PREFIXES TO CREATE A NEW VERB

re-, dis-, over-, un-, mis-, out-

TYPICAL SUFFIXES TO CREATE A NEW VERB

-ise, -en, -ate, -(i)fy

TYPICAL PREFIXES TO CREATE A NEW NOUN

co-, sub-

TYPICAL SUFFIXES TO CREATE A NEW NOUN

-tion, -ity, -er, -ness, -ism, -ment, -ant, -ship, -age, -ery

TYPICAL PREFIX TO CREATE A NEW ADJECTIVE

un-, in,im-,ir-,il-, non- dis-,

TYPICAL SUFFIXES TO CREATE A NEW ADJECTIVE

-al, -ent, -ive, -ous, -ful, -less

 

 

 Below, you can take a look at some examples. The root here is the word ‚sex’.  Together with my amazing students we created a mind map with new vocabulary. Can you think of any other exaples? If yes, share them with us 🙂

 

There is nothing for it but to take a dictionary in your hands and reveal new words. Enjoy!

After creating a new word, write it down in your notebook together with an explanation or meaning in your language.

 

asexual adj – aseksualny, bezpłciowy

asexuality n – aseksualność, bezpłciowość

asexually adv – aseksualnie, bezpłciowo

bisexual adj – biseksualny

bisexual n – biseksualista

bisexuality n – biseksualność

cybersex n – cyberseks

desex v – kastrować

desexualise v – pozbawiać seksapilu

heterosexual adj – heteroseksualny

heterosexual n – heteroseksualista

heterosexualism n – heteroseksualizm

homosexual n/adj – homoseksualista/homoseksualny

homosexuality n – homoseksualność

metrosexual adj – metroseksualny

metrosexual n – metroseksualista

seksologist n – seksuolog

sexism n – seksizm

sexist adj – seksistowski

sexist n – seksista

sexless adj – bezpłciowy, seksualnie nieatrakcyjny

sexoholic n – seksoholik

sexoholism n – seksoholizm

sexpot n – seksbomba

sextant n – sekstans

sextet n – sekstet

sexton n – kościelny

sexual adj – seksualny, płciowy

sexualisation n – seksualizacja

sexualise v – przydawać erotyzmu

sexuality n – seksualność

sexually adv – seksualny, płciowy

sexy adj – seksowny

transsexual adj – transseksualny

transsexual n – transseksualista

transsexualism n – transseksualizm

unisex adj – dla obu płci

unsexy adj – nieseksowny

 

 

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